Wondering what your legal options are regarding homeschooling? Depending on which state you live in, you may have several options outside the traditional home-based learning route where you are the primary teacher. Keep reading to discover eight legal homeschool options all homeschoolers should know.
A Little Disclaimer
It’s important to note that these homeschool options aren’t available for every state. It’s also important to note that I am not an attorney, nor is this post meant to give any legal advice. This post is simply to help you get started on your research. With that said, be sure to research your state’s specific homeschool laws to learn about your homeschooling options.
1. Home-based Learning
Home-based learning is legal in all 50 states. That means parents or guardians can teach their children at home given they meet their state’s homeschool statutes. In most cases, a notice of intent is required to homeschool. Be sure to research your state’s homeschool laws to ensure you are homeschooling legally.
States with the home-based learning option include: ALL STATES
2. Private School
Some states allow parents to homeschool through approved private school programs. In some instances, a state may allow homeschool families to join and operate as a private school. A home may also be the location where a child receives instruction as a student attending a private school.
States with homeschooling as (or through) a private school option include but aren’t limited to: AL, CA, FL, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, ME, NB, ND, TX, VA, WA
3. Tutor/Certified Teacher
In some states, someone else you designate may instruct your children provided they are certified to teach in the state where the instruction will take place. Also, states like Iowa and Maryland allow parents to work with a supervising teacher. Again, the teacher must be certified.
States with homeschooling with a private tutor or certified teacher options include but aren’t limited to: AL, AK, CA, CO, GA, FL, IO, MD, MN, PA, VA
4. Church/Religious School
Some states allow parents to enroll their child in a church school that allows them to teach their child at home or with a bona fide religious organization operating as a private school. Be sure to research your state laws regarding this option as requirements will vary.
States with homeschooling through (or as) a religious school option include but aren’t limited to: AL, AK, MD, PA, TN, WY
5. Multifamily Homeschool
In some states, it’s possible for two or more families to form an independent or private school in their own home or in other facilities. States like Delaware may require one person to act as a liaison to the Department of Education. Note this option differs from cooperatives or other non-accredited schools like classical conversations that are considered homeschool support organizations. Do your research to ensure your state allows other parents to be a primary teacher for your child or allows you to be a priomary teacher for another parent’s child.
States with homeschooling as a multifamily or independent school option include but aren’t limited to: CO, DE
6. Homeschool Associations/Organizations
Most states allow parents to utilize groups and co-ops to enhance their homeschool experience. These organizations are typically made up of several families who meet regularly at libraries, churches, community centers, or homes, and work together toward similar goals, which can be based on socialization, education, activities, or any combination of these.
Sates with homeschool association/organization options include: ALL STATES
7. Dual Enrollment
Dual Enrollment is a great way to get college credit while still in high school. Completing dual enrollment classes generally means taking fewer classes in college and save money on total college costs. Students typically must be a junior or senior and must maintain a minimum GPA, but requirements will vary by state.
States with dual enrollment options include: ALL STATES (although some states may vary by institution)
8. Hybrid Homeschooling
Part-time enrollment at a traditional public school allows your homeschooling student to take classes, extracurricular activities, and/or sports while homeschooling. There are pros and cons to hybrid homeschooling, and in some cases your child may have to adhere to public school requirements. Be sure to research the laws for your state regarding this education method.
Hybrid homeschooling options will vary by the institution in your state.
Well, there you have it. Eight Legal homeschool options all homeschoolers should know. I hope this post helped you get started on your research regarding homeschooling options you’d like to consider for your family. Remember, it doesn’t have to look like the traditional route you see on social media. There are many ways to make homeschooling work. Best of luck on your homeschooling journey.